Writing English Sentences: Parts of Speech

Writing English Essays: Parts of Speech

Parts of speech is the second article in the series Writing English Sentences. To read the first article follow the link to Writing English Sentences: What is a Sentence?

Parts of Speech

The basic parts of speech are dived into prepositions, adjectives, and adverbs. Writers use these to make their sentences longer and to give more meaning or information about the subject and verb in the sentence.

Prepositions

Preposition are words, short words, that connect the ideas in an English sentence. Prepositions tell us about time, place, or reason. Prepositions are followed by nouns.

parts of speech

Adjectives

Adjectives answer the questions ” What kind of?” or “Which?” They give more detail or information about the noun used in a sentence. Good adjectives help readers see, feel, smell, hear, touch what you are describing. They are descriptive and used a lot in descriptive writing.

parts of speech

Adverbs

adverbs give more informatio aout verbs. It describes or modifies the verb in some way. It answers question like “How?”, “When?”, “Where?”, “How often?”, “What extent (how much or how long)?” Averbs are used to tell stories so readers can image how the event unfolds.

parts of speech

Parts of Speech

This is basic table, but the message is clear. These are just examples, but you can see some of the parts of parts of speech used academic English Writing.

NounsVerbsAdjectivesAdverbs
-er, -or, -ar
teacher, actor, dollar
is/are + -ing
is developing, are developing
-y
happy, funny, greasy, sleepy
-ly
softly, slowly
-ist
pharmacist, scientist
-ed
lived, passed
-ive
active, aggressive
-ward
forward, backward, upward, onward
-tion
nation, ration
-ic, -ical
academic, terrific
mathamatical, gramatical
-ment
government, establishment
-ful
wonderful, useful

Writing English Essays: Parts of Speech

State the parts of speech of the underlined words in the following sentences. They can be a preposition, adjective, noun, pronoun, adverb, verb, or interjection,

1. I bought a beautiful shirt at the market.
2. What did he ask you to say?
3. I left my bag under the desk.
4. If we finish our work quickly. Now, we can go to have a coffee.
5. On Sundays, I work from ten till four.
6. I want to go to a college in Australia.
7. I’m sure I have met your boyfriend before.
8. Well, I don’t think I will be here to answer the phone.
9. Andy knocked on the window, but nobody came to see.
10. After lunch, let’s go out to watch a movie.

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